Anton Bruckner's Symphony No. 7 in E major (WAB 107) is one of his best-known symphonies.
It was written between 1881 and 1883 and was revised in 1885.
It is dedicated to Ludwig II of Bavaria.
The premiere, given under Arthur Nikisch and the Gewandhaus Orchestra
in the opera house at Leipzig on 30 December 1884,
brought Bruckner the greatest success he had known in his life.
The symphony is sometimes referred to as the "Lyric", though the appellation
is not the composer's own, and is seldom used.
The symphony has four movements: Allegro moderato.
Starts with tremolo strings and the cellos presenting "a complete, divinely given melodic whole."
"Bruckner declared he heard it in a dream, played on a viola,
and wrote it down on awakening, but the tune incorporates a quotation from the Credo of his D minor Mass (1864)
which he was currently revising.
Adagio. Sehr feierlich und sehr langsam.
This movement was composed between January and April 1883.
Bruckner began writing it in anticipation of Wagner's death and funeral,
as he was in poor health.
The movement features four Wagner tubas, which was their first appearance in a symphony.
It also features a contrabass tuba.
Legend has it that Bruckner wrote the cymbal clash at the climax of this movement
upon hearing the news that Wagner had died.
By way of contrast, Williman Mann states that "at the climax of the slow movement
Nikisch persuaded Bruckner to add a cymbal clash supported by a triangle;
later this addition to the manuscript was marked 'invalid' -
but not in the composer's hand, so who was the purist?"
Scherzo. Sehr schnell. A scherzo in A minor, with a trio in F major. Finale.
Bewegt, doch nicht schnell.
In the recapitulation, the subject groups are reversed in order
(a form sometimes called "tragic sonata form").
Seoul Philharmonic Orchestra Myung-Whun Chung
Live at the Sejong Center, Seoul. 2009.Jan.23.